Janković, Ivana

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  • Janković, Ivana (3)
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Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly

Janković, Ivana

(Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Janković, Ivana
PY  - 2022
UR  - https://journal.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/index.php/fid/article/view/1431
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/2532
AB  - In this paper, we examine whether it is possible to improve democracy by encouraging ordinary citizens to participate in political decision-making and if participation in deliberative institutions can make citizens more competent decision-makers. By using qualitative data, we analyze the discussion from the Belgrade citizens’ assembly (CA) focused on the topic of expanding the pedestrian zone in the city center. The CA was organized in Serbia for the first time, as part of a research project aimed at promoting and advancing innovative democratic practices in the Western Balkans. The goal was to encourage the involvement of citizens in discussions of public interest. Our hypothesis was that, through the process of participation and deliberation in CA, ordinary citizens can make reasonable and informed choices, increase their knowledge of the issue discussed, and become more motivated to participate in political decision-making on the local level. Our qualitative content analysis suggests that deliberation had a positive impact on participants’ knowledge of the chosen topic of the assembly. It also shows that citizens used exhaustive explanations rather than brief statements, could differentiate the good arguments from the bad, and more often appealed to general rather than private interests. Participants in the assembly reported a significant increase in interest in political decision-making that affects their lives, as well as a sense of being informed about politics. Finally, we wanted to draw attention to the challenges and open questions that remain, namely those that concern the impact of a deliberative body on political decision-making in the real world.
AB  - U ovom radu ispitujemo da li je moguć e unaprediti demokratiju podsticanjem običnih građana da učestvuju u donošenju političkih odluka i da li učešć e u deliberativnim institucijama može da učini građane kompetentnijim donosiocima odluka. Koristeć i kvalitativne podatke, analizirali smo diskusiju koja se odvijala unutar građanske skupštine (GS) održane u Beogradu, koja je za temu imala pitanje proširenja pešačke zone u centru grada. Ovo je bila prva GS u Srbiji, organizovana kao deo istraživačkog projekta usmerenog na promovisanje i unapređenje inovativnih demokratskih praksi na Zapadnom Balkanu. Cilj je bio da se podstakne uključivanje građana u rasprave od javnog interesa. Pretpostavke od kojih smo pošli su bile da, kroz proces učešć a i odlučivanja u građanskoj skupštini, obični građani mogu doneti promišljene i informisane izbore, poveć ati svoje znanje o temi o kojoj se raspravlja i postati motivisaniji da učestvuju u donošenju političkih odluka na lokalnom nivou. Naša analiza sadržaja diskusije unutar GS sugeriše da je deliberacija pozitivno uticalo na znanje učesnika o temi skupštine. Pokazano je da su građani tokom rasprave koristili iscrpna i složena objašnjenja, a ne kratke izjave, da su bili u stanju da razlikuju dobre od loših argumenata i češć e se pozivali na opšte nego na privatne interese. Učesnici skupštine su iskazali značajno poveć anje interesovanja za političko donošenje odluka koje utiču na njihove živote, kao i oseć aja informisanosti o politici. Na kraju, želeli smo da skrenemo pažnju na izazove i otvorena pitanja koja ostaju – ona koja se tiču pitanja uticaja deliberativnih institucija na političko odlučivanje u stvarnom svetu.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju
T2  - Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society
T1  - Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly
T1  - Deliberativna demokratija – teorija i praksa: slučaj građanske skupštine održane u Beogradu
IS  - 1
VL  - 33
SP  - 26
EP  - 49
DO  - 10.2298/FID2201026J
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Janković, Ivana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "In this paper, we examine whether it is possible to improve democracy by encouraging ordinary citizens to participate in political decision-making and if participation in deliberative institutions can make citizens more competent decision-makers. By using qualitative data, we analyze the discussion from the Belgrade citizens’ assembly (CA) focused on the topic of expanding the pedestrian zone in the city center. The CA was organized in Serbia for the first time, as part of a research project aimed at promoting and advancing innovative democratic practices in the Western Balkans. The goal was to encourage the involvement of citizens in discussions of public interest. Our hypothesis was that, through the process of participation and deliberation in CA, ordinary citizens can make reasonable and informed choices, increase their knowledge of the issue discussed, and become more motivated to participate in political decision-making on the local level. Our qualitative content analysis suggests that deliberation had a positive impact on participants’ knowledge of the chosen topic of the assembly. It also shows that citizens used exhaustive explanations rather than brief statements, could differentiate the good arguments from the bad, and more often appealed to general rather than private interests. Participants in the assembly reported a significant increase in interest in political decision-making that affects their lives, as well as a sense of being informed about politics. Finally, we wanted to draw attention to the challenges and open questions that remain, namely those that concern the impact of a deliberative body on political decision-making in the real world., U ovom radu ispitujemo da li je moguć e unaprediti demokratiju podsticanjem običnih građana da učestvuju u donošenju političkih odluka i da li učešć e u deliberativnim institucijama može da učini građane kompetentnijim donosiocima odluka. Koristeć i kvalitativne podatke, analizirali smo diskusiju koja se odvijala unutar građanske skupštine (GS) održane u Beogradu, koja je za temu imala pitanje proširenja pešačke zone u centru grada. Ovo je bila prva GS u Srbiji, organizovana kao deo istraživačkog projekta usmerenog na promovisanje i unapređenje inovativnih demokratskih praksi na Zapadnom Balkanu. Cilj je bio da se podstakne uključivanje građana u rasprave od javnog interesa. Pretpostavke od kojih smo pošli su bile da, kroz proces učešć a i odlučivanja u građanskoj skupštini, obični građani mogu doneti promišljene i informisane izbore, poveć ati svoje znanje o temi o kojoj se raspravlja i postati motivisaniji da učestvuju u donošenju političkih odluka na lokalnom nivou. Naša analiza sadržaja diskusije unutar GS sugeriše da je deliberacija pozitivno uticalo na znanje učesnika o temi skupštine. Pokazano je da su građani tokom rasprave koristili iscrpna i složena objašnjenja, a ne kratke izjave, da su bili u stanju da razlikuju dobre od loših argumenata i češć e se pozivali na opšte nego na privatne interese. Učesnici skupštine su iskazali značajno poveć anje interesovanja za političko donošenje odluka koje utiču na njihove živote, kao i oseć aja informisanosti o politici. Na kraju, želeli smo da skrenemo pažnju na izazove i otvorena pitanja koja ostaju – ona koja se tiču pitanja uticaja deliberativnih institucija na političko odlučivanje u stvarnom svetu.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju",
journal = "Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society",
title = "Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly, Deliberativna demokratija – teorija i praksa: slučaj građanske skupštine održane u Beogradu",
number = "1",
volume = "33",
pages = "26-49",
doi = "10.2298/FID2201026J"
}
Janković, I.. (2022). Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly. in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society
Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju., 33(1), 26-49.
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2201026J
Janković I. Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly. in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society. 2022;33(1):26-49.
doi:10.2298/FID2201026J .
Janković, Ivana, "Deliberative Democracy – Theory and Practice: The Case of the Belgrade Citizens’ Assembly" in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society, 33, no. 1 (2022):26-49,
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2201026J . .

Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making

Janković, Ivana

(Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Janković, Ivana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://journal.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/index.php?journal=fid&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.2298%2FFID2001037J
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/2065
AB  - In her book Democracy and Truth: The Conflict between Political and Epistemic Virtues, Snježana Prijić Samaržija advocates that a purely procedural justification which defines the authority and legitimacy of democracy only in relation to the fairness of the procedure itself is not enough for a full justification of democracy. Some epistemic values should also be included. This epistemic quality of democracy depends on the quality of the decisions that the democratic procedures produce. In that sense, the author is advocating a hybrid theory that secures harmony between political and epistemic values, favoring deliberative procedure for this purpose, and thus promotes equal respect for both democratic values. In doing so, she is advocating the specific type of division of epistemic labor that I will attempt to critically re-examine here, as well as to bring into question the privileged role of the experts in democratic decision-making.
AB  - U svojoj knjizi Demokratija i istina: sukob između političkih i epistemičkih vrlina, Snježana Prijić Samaržija se zalaže za stanovište po kom čisto proceduralno opravdanje, koje definiše autoritet i legitimnost demokratije samo u odnosu na pravičnost same procedure, nije dovoljno za potpuno opravdanje demokratije i da, stoga, treba uključiti i neke epistemičke vrednosti. Ova epistemička vrednost demokratije zavisi od kvaliteta odluka koje demokratske procedure proizvode. U tom smislu autorka se zalaže za hibirnu teoriju koja obezbeđuje sklad između političkih i epistemičkih vrednosti, favorizujući deliberativnu proceduru za tu svrhu, i na taj način promoviše jednako poštovanje obe demokratske vrednosti. Pri tome, autorka zagovara specifičnu vrstu epsitemičke podele rada koju ću ovde pokušati da kritički preispitam, a samim tim i izolovanu ulogu eskperata u demokratskom odlučivanju.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju
T2  - Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society
T1  - Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making
T1  - Epistemička odlika demokratije: uloga eksperta u demokratskom donošenju odluka
IS  - 1
VL  - 31
SP  - 37
EP  - 42
DO  - 10.2298/FID2001037J
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Janković, Ivana",
year = "2020",
abstract = "In her book Democracy and Truth: The Conflict between Political and Epistemic Virtues, Snježana Prijić Samaržija advocates that a purely procedural justification which defines the authority and legitimacy of democracy only in relation to the fairness of the procedure itself is not enough for a full justification of democracy. Some epistemic values should also be included. This epistemic quality of democracy depends on the quality of the decisions that the democratic procedures produce. In that sense, the author is advocating a hybrid theory that secures harmony between political and epistemic values, favoring deliberative procedure for this purpose, and thus promotes equal respect for both democratic values. In doing so, she is advocating the specific type of division of epistemic labor that I will attempt to critically re-examine here, as well as to bring into question the privileged role of the experts in democratic decision-making., U svojoj knjizi Demokratija i istina: sukob između političkih i epistemičkih vrlina, Snježana Prijić Samaržija se zalaže za stanovište po kom čisto proceduralno opravdanje, koje definiše autoritet i legitimnost demokratije samo u odnosu na pravičnost same procedure, nije dovoljno za potpuno opravdanje demokratije i da, stoga, treba uključiti i neke epistemičke vrednosti. Ova epistemička vrednost demokratije zavisi od kvaliteta odluka koje demokratske procedure proizvode. U tom smislu autorka se zalaže za hibirnu teoriju koja obezbeđuje sklad između političkih i epistemičkih vrednosti, favorizujući deliberativnu proceduru za tu svrhu, i na taj način promoviše jednako poštovanje obe demokratske vrednosti. Pri tome, autorka zagovara specifičnu vrstu epsitemičke podele rada koju ću ovde pokušati da kritički preispitam, a samim tim i izolovanu ulogu eskperata u demokratskom odlučivanju.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju",
journal = "Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society",
title = "Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making, Epistemička odlika demokratije: uloga eksperta u demokratskom donošenju odluka",
number = "1",
volume = "31",
pages = "37-42",
doi = "10.2298/FID2001037J"
}
Janković, I.. (2020). Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making. in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society
Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju., 31(1), 37-42.
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2001037J
Janković I. Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making. in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society. 2020;31(1):37-42.
doi:10.2298/FID2001037J .
Janković, Ivana, "Epistemic Feature of Democracy: the Role of Expert in Democratic Decision Making" in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society, 31, no. 1 (2020):37-42,
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2001037J . .

Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene

Milidrag, Predrag; Janković, Ivana

(2012)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Janković, Ivana
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/415
AB  - Deliberative democracy holds that, for a democratic decision to be legitimate, it must be preceded by deliberation among decision-makers. This means that democratic decision cannot be merely the aggregation of preferences that occurs in voting. Thus, citizens may change their initial opinions and preferences as a result of the reflection induced by deliberative communication and by taking into account other people’s opinions. The aim of this paper is to outline the view of deliberative democracy developed by Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson as well as to address some of the concerns raised by the critics regarding its practical implementation.
T2  - Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society
T1  - Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene
T1  - Deliberative Democracy and the Problem of its Practical Implementation
SP  - 187
EP  - 202
DO  - 10.2298/FID1202187J
ER  - 
@article{
editor = "Milidrag, Predrag",
author = "Janković, Ivana",
year = "2012",
abstract = "Deliberative democracy holds that, for a democratic decision to be legitimate, it must be preceded by deliberation among decision-makers. This means that democratic decision cannot be merely the aggregation of preferences that occurs in voting. Thus, citizens may change their initial opinions and preferences as a result of the reflection induced by deliberative communication and by taking into account other people’s opinions. The aim of this paper is to outline the view of deliberative democracy developed by Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson as well as to address some of the concerns raised by the critics regarding its practical implementation.",
journal = "Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society",
title = "Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene, Deliberative Democracy and the Problem of its Practical Implementation",
pages = "187-202",
doi = "10.2298/FID1202187J"
}
Milidrag, P.,& Janković, I.. (2012). Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene. in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society, 187-202.
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID1202187J
Milidrag P, Janković I. Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene. in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society. 2012;:187-202.
doi:10.2298/FID1202187J .
Milidrag, Predrag, Janković, Ivana, "Deliberativna demokratija i problem njene praktične primene" in Filozofija i društvo/Philosophy and Society (2012):187-202,
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID1202187J . .