Petrović, Marija

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  • Petrović, Marija (6)
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Author's Bibliography

Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media

Lazić, Aleksandra; Petrović, Marija; Branković, Marija; Žeželj, Iris

(University of California Press, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Lazić, Aleksandra
AU  - Petrović, Marija
AU  - Branković, Marija
AU  - Žeželj, Iris
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/3728
AB  - To describe how Serbian online media cover the topic of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TM/CAM), we conducted a content analysis of 182 articles from six news and six magazine websites, published July–December 2021. Biologically based treatments, predominantly herbal products framed as Serbian or Russian folk medicine, were the most common (70.9%, 205/289 practices). The practices were often presented as general health enhancers (18.4%, 71/386 claims); other common reasons given for the use of TM/CAM were to alleviate respiratory problems, boost the immunity, and detox. The tone was overwhelmingly positive, with most of the positive articles (82.4%, 145/176) neglecting to present information on potential harms of TM/CAM use. Few articles provided a recommendation to speak with a healthcare provider (13.6%, 24/176); in contrast, the recommended dosage was often explained (59.7%, 105/176). TM/CAM practitioners (15.9%, 28/176) and conventional medicine practitioners (12.5%, 22/176) were most commonly cited sources. Articles tended to appeal to TM/CAM’s tradition of use (65.3%, 115/176), naturalness (45.5%, 80/176), and convenience (40.9%, 72/176), used pseudoscientific jargon (59.7%, 105/176), and failed to cite sources for the claims that TM/CAM use is supported by science (22.2%, 39/176). Much of the information provided in Serbian online media seems to be uncritical, with a potential for misleading consumers.
PB  - University of California Press
T2  - Collabra Psychology
T1  - Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media
VL  - 9
DO  - 10.1525/collabra.82189
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Lazić, Aleksandra and Petrović, Marija and Branković, Marija and Žeželj, Iris",
year = "2023",
abstract = "To describe how Serbian online media cover the topic of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TM/CAM), we conducted a content analysis of 182 articles from six news and six magazine websites, published July–December 2021. Biologically based treatments, predominantly herbal products framed as Serbian or Russian folk medicine, were the most common (70.9%, 205/289 practices). The practices were often presented as general health enhancers (18.4%, 71/386 claims); other common reasons given for the use of TM/CAM were to alleviate respiratory problems, boost the immunity, and detox. The tone was overwhelmingly positive, with most of the positive articles (82.4%, 145/176) neglecting to present information on potential harms of TM/CAM use. Few articles provided a recommendation to speak with a healthcare provider (13.6%, 24/176); in contrast, the recommended dosage was often explained (59.7%, 105/176). TM/CAM practitioners (15.9%, 28/176) and conventional medicine practitioners (12.5%, 22/176) were most commonly cited sources. Articles tended to appeal to TM/CAM’s tradition of use (65.3%, 115/176), naturalness (45.5%, 80/176), and convenience (40.9%, 72/176), used pseudoscientific jargon (59.7%, 105/176), and failed to cite sources for the claims that TM/CAM use is supported by science (22.2%, 39/176). Much of the information provided in Serbian online media seems to be uncritical, with a potential for misleading consumers.",
publisher = "University of California Press",
journal = "Collabra Psychology",
title = "Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media",
volume = "9",
doi = "10.1525/collabra.82189"
}
Lazić, A., Petrović, M., Branković, M.,& Žeželj, I.. (2023). Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media. in Collabra Psychology
University of California Press., 9.
https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.82189
Lazić A, Petrović M, Branković M, Žeželj I. Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media. in Collabra Psychology. 2023;9.
doi:10.1525/collabra.82189 .
Lazić, Aleksandra, Petrović, Marija, Branković, Marija, Žeželj, Iris, "Quick Natural Cure-Alls: Portrayal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in Serbian Online Media" in Collabra Psychology, 9 (2023),
https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.82189 . .
7
2

Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study

Lazarević, Ljiljana; Knežević, Goran; Purić, Danka; Teovanović, Predrag; Petrović, Marija; Ninković, Milica; Živanović, Marko; Stanković, Sanda; Branković, Marija; Lukić, Petar; Opačić, Goran; Žeželj, Iris

(Nature Portfolio, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Lazarević, Ljiljana
AU  - Knežević, Goran
AU  - Purić, Danka
AU  - Teovanović, Predrag
AU  - Petrović, Marija
AU  - Ninković, Milica
AU  - Živanović, Marko
AU  - Stanković, Sanda
AU  - Branković, Marija
AU  - Lukić, Petar
AU  - Opačić, Goran
AU  - Žeželj, Iris
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/3731
AB  - People resort to various questionable health practices to preserve or regain health - they intentionally do not adhere to medical recommendations (e.g. self-medicate or modify the prescribed therapies; iNAR), or use traditional/complementary/alternative (TCAM) medicine. As retrospective reports overestimate adherence and sufer from recall and desirability bias, we tracked the variations in daily questionable health behaviors and compared them to their retrospectively reported lifetime use. We also preregistered and explored their relations to a wide set of psychological predictors - distal (personality traits and basic thinking dispositions) and proximal (diferent unfounded beliefs and biases grouped under the term irrational mindset). A community sample (N = 224) tracked daily engagement in iNAR and TCAM use for 14 days, resulting in 3136 data points. We observed a high rate of questionable health practices over the 14 days; daily engagement rates roughly corresponded to lifetime ones. Both iNAR and TCAM were weakly, but robustly positively related. Independent of the assessment method, an irrational mindset was the most important predictor of TCAM use. For iNAR, however, psychological predictors emerged as relevant only when assessed retrospectively. Our study ofers insight into questionable health behaviors from both a within and between-person perspective and highlights the importance of their psychological roots.
PB  - Nature Portfolio
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study
VL  - 13
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-023-41243-w
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Lazarević, Ljiljana and Knežević, Goran and Purić, Danka and Teovanović, Predrag and Petrović, Marija and Ninković, Milica and Živanović, Marko and Stanković, Sanda and Branković, Marija and Lukić, Petar and Opačić, Goran and Žeželj, Iris",
year = "2023",
abstract = "People resort to various questionable health practices to preserve or regain health - they intentionally do not adhere to medical recommendations (e.g. self-medicate or modify the prescribed therapies; iNAR), or use traditional/complementary/alternative (TCAM) medicine. As retrospective reports overestimate adherence and sufer from recall and desirability bias, we tracked the variations in daily questionable health behaviors and compared them to their retrospectively reported lifetime use. We also preregistered and explored their relations to a wide set of psychological predictors - distal (personality traits and basic thinking dispositions) and proximal (diferent unfounded beliefs and biases grouped under the term irrational mindset). A community sample (N = 224) tracked daily engagement in iNAR and TCAM use for 14 days, resulting in 3136 data points. We observed a high rate of questionable health practices over the 14 days; daily engagement rates roughly corresponded to lifetime ones. Both iNAR and TCAM were weakly, but robustly positively related. Independent of the assessment method, an irrational mindset was the most important predictor of TCAM use. For iNAR, however, psychological predictors emerged as relevant only when assessed retrospectively. Our study ofers insight into questionable health behaviors from both a within and between-person perspective and highlights the importance of their psychological roots.",
publisher = "Nature Portfolio",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study",
volume = "13",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-023-41243-w"
}
Lazarević, L., Knežević, G., Purić, D., Teovanović, P., Petrović, M., Ninković, M., Živanović, M., Stanković, S., Branković, M., Lukić, P., Opačić, G.,& Žeželj, I.. (2023). Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study. in Scientific Reports
Nature Portfolio., 13.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-41243-w
Lazarević L, Knežević G, Purić D, Teovanović P, Petrović M, Ninković M, Živanović M, Stanković S, Branković M, Lukić P, Opačić G, Žeželj I. Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study. in Scientific Reports. 2023;13.
doi:10.1038/s41598-023-41243-w .
Lazarević, Ljiljana, Knežević, Goran, Purić, Danka, Teovanović, Predrag, Petrović, Marija, Ninković, Milica, Živanović, Marko, Stanković, Sanda, Branković, Marija, Lukić, Petar, Opačić, Goran, Žeželj, Iris, "Tracking variations in daily questionable health behaviors and their psychological roots: a preregistered experience sampling study" in Scientific Reports, 13 (2023),
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-41243-w . .
10

Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia

Purić, Danka; Petrović, Marija; Živanović, Marko; Lukić, Petar; Zupan, Zorana; Branković, Marija; Ninković, Milica; Lazarević, Ljiljana; Stanković, Sanda; Žeželj, Iris

(BMJ Journals, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Purić, Danka
AU  - Petrović, Marija
AU  - Živanović, Marko
AU  - Lukić, Petar
AU  - Zupan, Zorana
AU  - Branković, Marija
AU  - Ninković, Milica
AU  - Lazarević, Ljiljana
AU  - Stanković, Sanda
AU  - Žeželj, Iris
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/3727
AB  - Objectives We aimed to (1) develop a novel instrument, suitable for the general population, capturing intentional non-adherence (iNAR), consisting of non-adherence to prescribed therapy, self-medication and avoidance of seeking medical treatment; (2) differentiate it from other forms of non-adherence, for example, smoking; and (3) relate iNAR to patient-related factors, such as sociodemographics, health status and endorsement of irrational beliefs (conspiratorial thinking and superstitions) and to healthcare-related beliefs and experiences ((mis)trust and negative experiences with the healthcare system, normalisation of patient passivity).

Design То generate iNAR items, we employed a focus group with medical doctors, supplemented it with a literature search and invited a public health expert to refine it further. We examined the internal structure and predictors of iNAR in an observational study.

Setting Data were collected online using snowball sampling and social networks.

Participants After excluding those who failed one or more out of three attention checks, the final sample size was n=583 adult Serbian citizens, 74.4% female, mean age 39.01 years (SD=12.10).

Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary, planned outcome is the iNAR Questionnaire, while smoking was used for comparison purposes.

Results Factor analysis yielded a one-factor solution, and the final 12-item iNAR Questionnaire had satisfactory internal reliability (alpha=0.72). Health condition and healthcare-related variables accounted for 14% of the variance of iNAR behaviours, whereas sociodemographics and irrational beliefs did not additionally contribute.

Conclusions We constructed a brief yet comprehensive measure of iNAR behaviours and related them to health and sociodemographic variables and irrational beliefs. The findings suggest that public health interventions should attempt to improve patients' experiences with the system and build trust with their healthcare practitioners rather than aim at specific demographic groups or at correcting patients’ unfounded beliefs.
PB  - BMJ Journals
T2  - BMJ Open
T1  - Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia
VL  - 13
DO  - 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069978
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Purić, Danka and Petrović, Marija and Živanović, Marko and Lukić, Petar and Zupan, Zorana and Branković, Marija and Ninković, Milica and Lazarević, Ljiljana and Stanković, Sanda and Žeželj, Iris",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Objectives We aimed to (1) develop a novel instrument, suitable for the general population, capturing intentional non-adherence (iNAR), consisting of non-adherence to prescribed therapy, self-medication and avoidance of seeking medical treatment; (2) differentiate it from other forms of non-adherence, for example, smoking; and (3) relate iNAR to patient-related factors, such as sociodemographics, health status and endorsement of irrational beliefs (conspiratorial thinking and superstitions) and to healthcare-related beliefs and experiences ((mis)trust and negative experiences with the healthcare system, normalisation of patient passivity).

Design То generate iNAR items, we employed a focus group with medical doctors, supplemented it with a literature search and invited a public health expert to refine it further. We examined the internal structure and predictors of iNAR in an observational study.

Setting Data were collected online using snowball sampling and social networks.

Participants After excluding those who failed one or more out of three attention checks, the final sample size was n=583 adult Serbian citizens, 74.4% female, mean age 39.01 years (SD=12.10).

Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary, planned outcome is the iNAR Questionnaire, while smoking was used for comparison purposes.

Results Factor analysis yielded a one-factor solution, and the final 12-item iNAR Questionnaire had satisfactory internal reliability (alpha=0.72). Health condition and healthcare-related variables accounted for 14% of the variance of iNAR behaviours, whereas sociodemographics and irrational beliefs did not additionally contribute.

Conclusions We constructed a brief yet comprehensive measure of iNAR behaviours and related them to health and sociodemographic variables and irrational beliefs. The findings suggest that public health interventions should attempt to improve patients' experiences with the system and build trust with their healthcare practitioners rather than aim at specific demographic groups or at correcting patients’ unfounded beliefs.",
publisher = "BMJ Journals",
journal = "BMJ Open",
title = "Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia",
volume = "13",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069978"
}
Purić, D., Petrović, M., Živanović, M., Lukić, P., Zupan, Z., Branković, M., Ninković, M., Lazarević, L., Stanković, S.,& Žeželj, I.. (2023). Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia. in BMJ Open
BMJ Journals., 13.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069978
Purić D, Petrović M, Živanović M, Lukić P, Zupan Z, Branković M, Ninković M, Lazarević L, Stanković S, Žeželj I. Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia. in BMJ Open. 2023;13.
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069978 .
Purić, Danka, Petrović, Marija, Živanović, Marko, Lukić, Petar, Zupan, Zorana, Branković, Marija, Ninković, Milica, Lazarević, Ljiljana, Stanković, Sanda, Žeželj, Iris, "Development of a novel instrument for assessing intentional non-adherence to official medical recommendations (iNAR-12): a sequential mixed-methods study in Serbia" in BMJ Open, 13 (2023),
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069978 . .
7
1

Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products

Mijatović, Nevena; Šljivić, Jasmina; Tošić, Nemanja; Conić, Ljubica; Petrović, Marija; Žeželj, Iris

(Bratislava: Institute of Experimental Psychology Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mijatović, Nevena
AU  - Šljivić, Jasmina
AU  - Tošić, Nemanja
AU  - Conić, Ljubica
AU  - Petrović, Marija
AU  - Žeželj, Iris
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/2786
AB  - Resorting to complementary/alternative medical (CAM) therapies can lead to bad health outcomes or interfere with officially recommended therapies. CAM use is, nevertheless, widespread and growing. This could be partially due to the perception of the CAM industry as powerless and non-profit oriented, in contrast to the pharmaceutical industry (“Big Pharma”). In reality, both industries are highly profitable and powerful; to highlight this similarity, science communicators coined the term “Big Suppla”. Drawing from a sample of 242 participants upon all exclusions, we experimentally tested whether varying these attributes in presenting the industries impacts consumers’ evaluation of the two categories of products (herbs and supplements) and their willingness to try and recommend them. We also tested whether the effect is moderated by conspiratorial thinking, and whether it is due to a change in trust. All hypotheses were pre-registered. As expected, participants who read the Big Suppla vignette decreased the endorsement of both supplements and herbs, whilst, against our hypotheses, there were no significant changes in endorsement in the contrasting “Baby Suppla” group. Conspiratorial thinking was related to more endorsement of CAM, but it did not moderate the experimental effects. We also did not observe the expected mediation by trust. Our most robust results corroborate the idea that challenging the myth of benevolence of the CAM industry makes people more critical in evaluating its products or considering their usage. They support the intuitions of science communicators who coined the term Big Suppla, and can help in tailoring public health messages.
PB  - Bratislava: Institute of Experimental Psychology Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences Slovak Academy of Sciences
T2  - Studia Psychologica
T1  - Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products
IS  - 1
VL  - 64
SP  - 91
EP  - 103
DO  - 10.31577/sp.2022.01.841
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mijatović, Nevena and Šljivić, Jasmina and Tošić, Nemanja and Conić, Ljubica and Petrović, Marija and Žeželj, Iris",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Resorting to complementary/alternative medical (CAM) therapies can lead to bad health outcomes or interfere with officially recommended therapies. CAM use is, nevertheless, widespread and growing. This could be partially due to the perception of the CAM industry as powerless and non-profit oriented, in contrast to the pharmaceutical industry (“Big Pharma”). In reality, both industries are highly profitable and powerful; to highlight this similarity, science communicators coined the term “Big Suppla”. Drawing from a sample of 242 participants upon all exclusions, we experimentally tested whether varying these attributes in presenting the industries impacts consumers’ evaluation of the two categories of products (herbs and supplements) and their willingness to try and recommend them. We also tested whether the effect is moderated by conspiratorial thinking, and whether it is due to a change in trust. All hypotheses were pre-registered. As expected, participants who read the Big Suppla vignette decreased the endorsement of both supplements and herbs, whilst, against our hypotheses, there were no significant changes in endorsement in the contrasting “Baby Suppla” group. Conspiratorial thinking was related to more endorsement of CAM, but it did not moderate the experimental effects. We also did not observe the expected mediation by trust. Our most robust results corroborate the idea that challenging the myth of benevolence of the CAM industry makes people more critical in evaluating its products or considering their usage. They support the intuitions of science communicators who coined the term Big Suppla, and can help in tailoring public health messages.",
publisher = "Bratislava: Institute of Experimental Psychology Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences Slovak Academy of Sciences",
journal = "Studia Psychologica",
title = "Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products",
number = "1",
volume = "64",
pages = "91-103",
doi = "10.31577/sp.2022.01.841"
}
Mijatović, N., Šljivić, J., Tošić, N., Conić, L., Petrović, M.,& Žeželj, I.. (2022). Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products. in Studia Psychologica
Bratislava: Institute of Experimental Psychology Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences Slovak Academy of Sciences., 64(1), 91-103.
https://doi.org/10.31577/sp.2022.01.841
Mijatović N, Šljivić J, Tošić N, Conić L, Petrović M, Žeželj I. Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products. in Studia Psychologica. 2022;64(1):91-103.
doi:10.31577/sp.2022.01.841 .
Mijatović, Nevena, Šljivić, Jasmina, Tošić, Nemanja, Conić, Ljubica, Petrović, Marija, Žeželj, Iris, "Big Suppla: Challenging the Common View of the Supplements and Herbs Industry Affects the Willingness to Try and Recommend Their Products" in Studia Psychologica, 64, no. 1 (2022):91-103,
https://doi.org/10.31577/sp.2022.01.841 . .
3
2

The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis

Pavličić, Jelena; Petrović, Marija; Smajević Roljić, Milica

(Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Pavličić, Jelena
AU  - Petrović, Marija
AU  - Smajević Roljić, Milica
PY  - 2022
UR  - https://journal.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/index.php/fid/article/view/1440
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/2541
AB  - The current coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2) has presented many scientific disciplines, including philosophy, with various theoretical and practical challenges. In this paper, we deal with three philosophical issues related to the pandemic and specific approaches to them. The first part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of the term “expert,” whose significance was highlighted at the outbreak of the pandemic. By examining Plato’s ancient and Goldman’s modern understanding of this concept, we will try to emphasize the importance of expert opinion in crisis circumstances. In the second part of the paper, we will deal with the issue of public mistrust of scientific authorities as well as the problem of the flourishing of so-called conspiracy theories. Goldenberg’s and Cassam’s approach to this topic will help us see where the source of these problems might lie and what potentially harmful consequences they can produce. In the third part of the text, we list some of the main moral dilemmas we have faced since the beginning of the pandemic. Special attention is paid to Kant’s moral philosophy in which we find advice on how an individual should act in times of crisis.
AB  - Aktuelna pandemija virusa korona (SARS-CoV-2) suočila je brojne naučne discipline, među njima i filozofiju, sa različitim teorijskim i praktičnim izazovima. U ovom radu razmotrićemo tri filozofska pitanja povezana sa pandemijom i tri odgovarajuća pristupa njihovom rešavanju. Prvi deo rada biće posvećen analizi pojma „ekspert“, čiji je značaj naglašen u vreme izbijanja pandemije. Ispitujuć i Platonovo antičko i Goldmanovo (Goldman) moderno shvatanje ovog pojma, pokušać emo da istaknemo značaj stručnog mišljenja u kriznim okolnostima. U drugom delu rada bavić emo se pitanjem nepoverenja javnosti u naučne autoritete, kao i problemom ekspanzije takozvanih „teorija zavere“. Goldenbergov (Goldenberg) i Kasamov (Cassam) pristup ovoj temi ć e nam pomoć i da uočimo izvor ovih problema i potencijalno štetne posledice do kojih mogu da dovedu. U treć em delu teksta navešć emo neke od glavnih moralnih dilema sa kojima smo bili suočeni od početka pandemije. Posebna pažnja bić e posveć ena Kantovoj moralnoj filozofiji, koja nam može pružiti savete kako pojedinac treba da se ponaša u svakodnevnim životnim situacijama tokom krize.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju
T2  - Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society
T1  - The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis
T1  - Relevantnost filozofije u doba korone
IS  - 1
VL  - 33
SP  - 233
EP  - 246
DO  - 10.2298/FID2201233
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Pavličić, Jelena and Petrović, Marija and Smajević Roljić, Milica",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The current coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2) has presented many scientific disciplines, including philosophy, with various theoretical and practical challenges. In this paper, we deal with three philosophical issues related to the pandemic and specific approaches to them. The first part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of the term “expert,” whose significance was highlighted at the outbreak of the pandemic. By examining Plato’s ancient and Goldman’s modern understanding of this concept, we will try to emphasize the importance of expert opinion in crisis circumstances. In the second part of the paper, we will deal with the issue of public mistrust of scientific authorities as well as the problem of the flourishing of so-called conspiracy theories. Goldenberg’s and Cassam’s approach to this topic will help us see where the source of these problems might lie and what potentially harmful consequences they can produce. In the third part of the text, we list some of the main moral dilemmas we have faced since the beginning of the pandemic. Special attention is paid to Kant’s moral philosophy in which we find advice on how an individual should act in times of crisis., Aktuelna pandemija virusa korona (SARS-CoV-2) suočila je brojne naučne discipline, među njima i filozofiju, sa različitim teorijskim i praktičnim izazovima. U ovom radu razmotrićemo tri filozofska pitanja povezana sa pandemijom i tri odgovarajuća pristupa njihovom rešavanju. Prvi deo rada biće posvećen analizi pojma „ekspert“, čiji je značaj naglašen u vreme izbijanja pandemije. Ispitujuć i Platonovo antičko i Goldmanovo (Goldman) moderno shvatanje ovog pojma, pokušać emo da istaknemo značaj stručnog mišljenja u kriznim okolnostima. U drugom delu rada bavić emo se pitanjem nepoverenja javnosti u naučne autoritete, kao i problemom ekspanzije takozvanih „teorija zavere“. Goldenbergov (Goldenberg) i Kasamov (Cassam) pristup ovoj temi ć e nam pomoć i da uočimo izvor ovih problema i potencijalno štetne posledice do kojih mogu da dovedu. U treć em delu teksta navešć emo neke od glavnih moralnih dilema sa kojima smo bili suočeni od početka pandemije. Posebna pažnja bić e posveć ena Kantovoj moralnoj filozofiji, koja nam može pružiti savete kako pojedinac treba da se ponaša u svakodnevnim životnim situacijama tokom krize.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju",
journal = "Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society",
title = "The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis, Relevantnost filozofije u doba korone",
number = "1",
volume = "33",
pages = "233-246",
doi = "10.2298/FID2201233"
}
Pavličić, J., Petrović, M.,& Smajević Roljić, M.. (2022). The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis. in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society
Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju., 33(1), 233-246.
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2201233
Pavličić J, Petrović M, Smajević Roljić M. The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis. in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society. 2022;33(1):233-246.
doi:10.2298/FID2201233 .
Pavličić, Jelena, Petrović, Marija, Smajević Roljić, Milica, "The Relevance of Philosophy in Times of the Coronavirus Crisis" in Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society, 33, no. 1 (2022):233-246,
https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2201233 . .

Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?

Petrović, Marija

(Beograd: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petrović, Marija
PY  - 2021
UR  - https://kritika.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/index.php/kc/article/view/65
UR  - http://rifdt.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/123456789/2469
AB  - U seksualnom obrazovanju mladih ključnu ulogu treba da ima škola, odnosno seksualno obrazovanje formalizovano kroz nastavni program. Neformalno seksualno obrazovanje je neophodno, ali nedovoljno. Kako bismo odgovorili da li je zahtev za uključivanjem seksualnog obrazovanja u školski program opravdan, ispitivali smo odgovore na tri pitanja: Koji su ciljevi seksualnog obrazovanja i da li su u skladu sa opštim ciljevima obrazovanja? Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da reprodukuje već utvrđene društvene vrednosti ili nastavni program treba da omogući učenicama i učenicima da ove vrednosti samostalno procenjuju? Da li kurikulumi treba da budu prilagođeni interesovanjima, sklonostima i sposobnostima učenica i učenika ili bi školski program trebalo da bude isti za sve? Glavni cilj seksualnog obrazovanja je da mladima pruži relevantno znanje i da ih nauči da adekvatno delaju u skladu sa tim znanjem, što je u skladu sa opštim težnjama obrazovanja. Seksualno obrazovanje ne bi trebalo da reprodukuje dominantne društvene vrednosti, već da teži tome da ih promeni. Kako bi glavni ciljevi seksualnog obrazovanja mogli da budu ispunjeni, ono treba da bude obavezno za sve mlade.
AB  - Sex education addresses issues related to human sexuality, including reproduction, 
reproductive health, reproductive rights, romantic relationships, anatomy of repro ductive organs, sexual activity, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender roles, con traception, and sexual abstinence. Formal and informal sex education are both im portant and complement each other. However, although necessary, informal sex 
education by itself is not enough. Sex education needs to become a formal part of the 
school curriculum, as schools should play the key role in educating young people about 
this topic.
To examine whether the initiative to include sex education in the school curricu lum is justified, we started from these three questions: What are the goals of educa tion and what is its purpose? Do we think that educational institutions should repro duce a preestablished set of values or should the curriculum enable students to evaluate 
social values for themselves? Should primary and secondary education be designed 
to allow individuals to choose courses according to their interests, preferences, and 
abilities, or should the school curriculum be the same for all? In the context of sex ed ucation, we tried to answer questions about the goals of sex education and whether 
or not they are in line with the aspirations of education in general, whether sex edu cation should reproduce generally accepted social values, and whether it should be 
the same for all students.
Education should teach us to use our reason when forming beliefs and making de cisions. The main goals of sex education are to provide young people with knowledge 
on these topics and help them make independent decisions using that knowledge. 
These goals are in line with the general aspirations of education. The answer to the 
question of whether sex education should reproduce dominant social values depends 
on what we mean by sex education. If we accept the definition offered in this paper, 
then the answer to the question is negative. Sex education understood in this broad 
sense should strive to change the current value system. To achieve the main goals of 
sex education, it needs to be the same and mandatory for all young people.
PB  - Beograd: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju
T2  - Kritika: časopis za filozofiju i teoriju društva
T1  - Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?
T1  - Should Sex Education Be Taught in Schools?
IS  - 2
VL  - 2
SP  - 241
EP  - 256
DO  - 10.5281/zenodo.5732512
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petrović, Marija",
year = "2021",
abstract = "U seksualnom obrazovanju mladih ključnu ulogu treba da ima škola, odnosno seksualno obrazovanje formalizovano kroz nastavni program. Neformalno seksualno obrazovanje je neophodno, ali nedovoljno. Kako bismo odgovorili da li je zahtev za uključivanjem seksualnog obrazovanja u školski program opravdan, ispitivali smo odgovore na tri pitanja: Koji su ciljevi seksualnog obrazovanja i da li su u skladu sa opštim ciljevima obrazovanja? Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da reprodukuje već utvrđene društvene vrednosti ili nastavni program treba da omogući učenicama i učenicima da ove vrednosti samostalno procenjuju? Da li kurikulumi treba da budu prilagođeni interesovanjima, sklonostima i sposobnostima učenica i učenika ili bi školski program trebalo da bude isti za sve? Glavni cilj seksualnog obrazovanja je da mladima pruži relevantno znanje i da ih nauči da adekvatno delaju u skladu sa tim znanjem, što je u skladu sa opštim težnjama obrazovanja. Seksualno obrazovanje ne bi trebalo da reprodukuje dominantne društvene vrednosti, već da teži tome da ih promeni. Kako bi glavni ciljevi seksualnog obrazovanja mogli da budu ispunjeni, ono treba da bude obavezno za sve mlade., Sex education addresses issues related to human sexuality, including reproduction, 
reproductive health, reproductive rights, romantic relationships, anatomy of repro ductive organs, sexual activity, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender roles, con traception, and sexual abstinence. Formal and informal sex education are both im portant and complement each other. However, although necessary, informal sex 
education by itself is not enough. Sex education needs to become a formal part of the 
school curriculum, as schools should play the key role in educating young people about 
this topic.
To examine whether the initiative to include sex education in the school curricu lum is justified, we started from these three questions: What are the goals of educa tion and what is its purpose? Do we think that educational institutions should repro duce a preestablished set of values or should the curriculum enable students to evaluate 
social values for themselves? Should primary and secondary education be designed 
to allow individuals to choose courses according to their interests, preferences, and 
abilities, or should the school curriculum be the same for all? In the context of sex ed ucation, we tried to answer questions about the goals of sex education and whether 
or not they are in line with the aspirations of education in general, whether sex edu cation should reproduce generally accepted social values, and whether it should be 
the same for all students.
Education should teach us to use our reason when forming beliefs and making de cisions. The main goals of sex education are to provide young people with knowledge 
on these topics and help them make independent decisions using that knowledge. 
These goals are in line with the general aspirations of education. The answer to the 
question of whether sex education should reproduce dominant social values depends 
on what we mean by sex education. If we accept the definition offered in this paper, 
then the answer to the question is negative. Sex education understood in this broad 
sense should strive to change the current value system. To achieve the main goals of 
sex education, it needs to be the same and mandatory for all young people.",
publisher = "Beograd: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju",
journal = "Kritika: časopis za filozofiju i teoriju društva",
title = "Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?, Should Sex Education Be Taught in Schools?",
number = "2",
volume = "2",
pages = "241-256",
doi = "10.5281/zenodo.5732512"
}
Petrović, M.. (2021). Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?. in Kritika: časopis za filozofiju i teoriju društva
Beograd: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju., 2(2), 241-256.
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5732512
Petrović M. Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?. in Kritika: časopis za filozofiju i teoriju društva. 2021;2(2):241-256.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5732512 .
Petrović, Marija, "Da li seksualno obrazovanje treba da se uči u školama?" in Kritika: časopis za filozofiju i teoriju društva, 2, no. 2 (2021):241-256,
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5732512 . .