|dc.description.abstract||The author’s approach is based on three premises: 1. that Gajo Petrović’s
Praxis was an outstanding phenomenon in Croatian, Yugoslav and European culture,
a challenge of freedom in a repressive society; 2. that there has never been such a
thing as “Praxis group”, “philosophers of practice” or “Praxis philosophers” with a
unified philosophical and socio-theoretical orientation; and 3. that political and ideo
logical attacks on Praxis were part of the repressive system that targeted every in
stance of cultural and scientific dissent.
The political leadership of Tito’s regime, its ideological and propaganda appa
ratus systematically disseminated allegations, denunciations and accusations against
Praxis and Gajo Petrović. The same style
has survived through radical historical
changes from the appearance of Praxis until today. The attackers have often been the
same persons, with the difference that in earlier times they denounced Praxis and Gajo
Petrović as enemies of “socialism” and the “socialist self-management system”, and in
the changed political fashion as “servants” of Tito’s authoritarian rule. The fate of
Praxis in the former regime has been trium
phantly interpreted as a “family quarrel”.
This paper attempts a sociological analysis of the political destiny of Praxis.
The analysis is essentially determined not by old and new political and ideological
questionings of Praxis, but by Gajo Petrović’s fundamental belief that there is no
freedom without the human or humanity without freedom||eng