Savezna Republika Jugoslavija – paradigma paralisanog sistema
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia – a paradigm of the paralyzed system
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The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has suffered the same fate as all other two-unit federations. The purpose of its creation was the desire of the state authorities in Belgrade to keep the continuity of the former state. In the negotiation process, each republic (i.e. party that was in power), wanted to create out of the federation what was most needed at the time. In the analysis of the political life of the federation, it can be seen two five-year periods. The first is the period that starts with its formation and lasts until the split in the Montenegrin ruling party. The main characteristic of that period was the paralysis of the federal system. There were almost no federal institutions that successfully performed its role during this period. The reason wasn’t only the powerlessness of these authorities to constitute and establish its authority, but also the obstruction of the authorities. The second period that can be identified starts with the beginning of the breaking of the fede...ral coalition and lasts until the end of the federal state itself. When the Federal Constitutional Court appeared as a political actor with the intention to resolve an intense electoral dispute in the smaller Republic, the constitutional agreement on which the state rested: “there is no federal interference in the republic’s affairs” – was disrupted. The demolition of the constitutional/coalition agreement also meant the demolition of the entire state.
Savezna Republika Jugoslavija po svom raspadu nije bila predmet ozbiljne politikološke analize u stručnoj literaturi. Ovaj rad ima za cilj da razmotri okolnosti u kojima je nastala i funkcionisala ova federacija. Osnovna postavka je da je Savezna Republika Jugoslavija nastala kao dogovor partijskih oligarhija u dve republike članice i da se u srži konstitucionalnog dogovora nalazio pakt o nemešanju u republičke poslove od strane federalnih organa, te da je federacija doživela krah onda kada je ovaj dogovor bio narušen.
Кључне речи:The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / two-unit federations / federalism / Federal Constitutional Court / constitutionalism / coalitions / Savezna Republika Jugoslavija / dvočlane federacije / federalizam / Savezni ustavni sud / koalicije / ustavnost
Извор:Sintezis, 2015, 7, 1, 21-55
- Београд : Центар за хуманистичке науке ,,Синтезис“